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牛津大学天文百科全书(Astronomy Encyclopedia)

时间:2010-04-16 10:49:58  |  发布者:admin  |  阅读:144次
中文名称:牛津大学天文百科全书 英文名称:Astronomy Encyclopedia
发行时间:2002-04-01 书籍语言: 书籍作者:

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对于广大天文学爱好者而言,艰深的天文学名词以及它们复杂的含义最让人头痛。不断发展的天文学也在不断创造着新的名词,着实让人难以跟上它的脚步
Astronomy Encyclopedia由著名天文学家联合编写,根据天文学名词英文首字母按A-Z顺序编著,基本涵盖当今所有的天文学名词,释义详细。大量天文学图片以及数据、表格,让本书更加易懂。本书英文名词较多,很多合成词,词典难以查到,要看此书建议有很好的英文基础

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录: 

Alphabetical order
‘Mc’ is treated as if it were spelled ‘Mac’, and certain shortened forms as if spelled
out in full (e.g. ‘St’ is treated as ‘Saint’). Entries that have more than one word in the
heading are alphabetized as if there were no space between the words. Entries that
share the same main heading are in the order of people, places and things. Entries
beginning with numerals are treated as if the numerals were spelled out (e.g. 3C
follows three-body problem and precedes 3C 273). An exception is made for HI
region and HII region, which appear together immediately after Hirayama family.
Biographies are alphabetized by surname, with first names following the comma.
(Forenames are placed in parentheses if the one by which a person is commonly
known is not the first.) Certain lunar and planetary features appear under the main
element of names (e.g. Imbrium, Mare rather than Mare Imbrium).
Cross-references
SMALL CAPITALS in an article indicate a separate entry that defines and explains the
word or subject capitalized. ‘See also’ at the end of an article directs the reader to
entries that contain additional relevant information.
Measurements
Measurements are given in metric (usually SI) units, with an imperial conversion (to
an appropriate accuracy) following in parentheses where appropriate. In historical
contexts this convention is reversed so that, for example, the diameter of an early telescope
is given first in inches. Densities, given in grams per cubic centimetre, are not
converted, and neither are kilograms or tonnes. Large astronomical distances are usually
given in light-years, but parsecs are sometimes used in a cosmological context.
Particularly in tables, large numbers may be given in exponential form. Thus 103 is a
thousand, 2  106 is two million, and so on. ‘Billion’ always means a thousand million,
or 109. As is customary in astronomy, dates are expressed in the order year, month,
day. Details of units of measurement, conversion factors and the principal abbreviations
used in the book will be found in the tables on this page.
Stellar data
In almost all cases, data for stars are taken from the HIPPARCOS CATALOGUE. The very
few exceptions are for instances where the catalogue contains an error of which the
editors have been aware. In tables of constellations and elsewhere, the combined magnitude
is given for double stars, and the average magnitude for variable stars.
Star Maps pages 447–55
Acknowledgements page 456

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